Cognitive Delay

The American Psychiatric Association definition of Mental Retardation, as published in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM IV 1994) is used to define cognitive delay. A child would present with mental retardation if all of the following are present:

The degree of severity has been articulated as follows:

Mild            IQ level 50-55 to approximately 70

Moderate    IQ level 35-49 to 50-55

Severe         IQ level 20-25 to 35-40

Profound     IQ level below 20 or 25 (DSM IV, 1994)

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